Understanding Different Learners from a Diagnostic Perspective

What are Autism Spectrum Disorders?

Autism Spectrum Disorder is defined as the “presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interests.”

Recently, the United States Center for Disease Control released a report stating that ASD now effects 1 in every 68 American children.

*Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- Fourth Edition/ Text Revision 2000*

Learn More Here http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD is a common disorder that is present in both children and adults.

It is most commonly diagnosed in childhood and adolescence. For individuals with ADHD it is very hard to focus, attend and control behavioral responses.

There are three main subcategories of the disorder.

  1. Hyperactive – Impulsive
  2. Inattentive
  3. Mixed hyperactive and inattentive

Diagnostic criteria include demonstration of 6+ symptoms demonstrating inattention:

  1. Failing to give attention to details of tasks
  2. Trouble holding attention to tasks or play
  3. Struggles to listen when spoke to directly
  4. Failure to finish tasks
  5. Trouble organizing tasks and activities
  6. Avoiding tasks that require mental effort
  7. Losing things that are necessary for task completion
  8. Easily distracted
  9. Forgetful in daily activities

Diagnostic criteria include demonstration of 6+ symptoms demonstrating hyperactivity and impulsiveness:

  1. Fidgets in seat
  2. Leaves seat when remaining is expected
  3. Runs or climbs in situations where is not appropriate
  4. Unable to play or take part in leisure activities
  5. Often appears “on the go”
  6. Talks excessively
  7. Blurts out answers before a question is asked
  8. Trouble with waiting for a turn
  9. Interrupting or intruding on others

Traumatic Brain Injury

A TBI is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI. The severity of a TBI may range from ‘mild,’ i.e., a brief change in mental status or consciousness to ‘severe,’ i.e., an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury.

TBI is complex and unpredictable in its outcomes. Serious injury can occur without obvious physical disabilities. Both mild and severe TBI can result in lifelong impairments – requiring long-term care services. In cases of stroke, drowning, or asphyxiation, the brain injury incurred is called an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) and treatment and services may differ from those described herein.


• Source- Michigan Department of Health & Human Services

We also treat other childhood mental health and developmental conditions for persons from 12 months through adulthood. Contact Us For More Details. 734-474-2958

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We strive to meet the unique needs of each family to not only mitigate deficits, but to teach pivotal skills, language, play and other developmental milestones.

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